The Village Of Rocio
The origin of the village is directly linked to the devotion of the Virgen del Rocio since time immemorial. There are documents that reference the presence of the primitive hermitage of Santa María de las Rocinas, which was the name given to the image initially until the mid-17th century. It was probably built by King Alfonso X the Wise at the end of the thirteenth century.
This hermitage remained erected until 1755, when it was destroyed by the so-called Lisbon earthquake. The hermitage that was built after the earthquake was demolished in 1963 to build the new sanctuary that we can see today, which was inaugurated and blessed in April 1969. Large white houses and sandy streets presided over by the hermitage of the Virgen del Rocío surprise the visitor who comes here. It is a scene that at Pentecost is flooded with people and faith.
The Pilgrimage of El Rocío is what makes the village known worldwide and is visited by millions of people during the celebration of the religious festival, as well as during the rest of the year, receiving multitudes of pilgrims who come to prostrate themselves before the White Dove. The marsh and the winds of Doñana envelop and merge in this magical space, which gives us different nuances every day of the year.
Due to its location, it is a very interesting place for those seeking the beauty and tranquility that this incredible place offers, as well as being able to enjoy different areas for observing flora and fauna. Some of its outstanding places are the Paseo Marismeño in front of the Hermitage or the Plaza del Acebuchal, which receives its name from the centuries-old wild olive trees that are found there. Those who observe this place for the first time, are surprised by the richness of nuances that can be witnessed at every corner. In 1992 it was declared an International Horse Village for having the highest concentration of equines during the pilgrimage.
Get to know more about Rocio
How to arrive
Those who observe this place for the first time, are surprised by the richness of nuances that can be witnessed at every corner. In 1992 it was declared an International Horse Village for having the highest concentration of equines during the pilgrimage.
The El Rocío pilgrimage is celebrated in the village, where pilgrims from all over Spain and abroad embark on a pilgrimage to attend the departure and subsequent procession of the Virgen del Rocío on Pentecost Monday. On this particular weekend El Rocío becomes the world center of faith with more than a million people gathered to witness this epic event.
The pilgrimage routes that the different brotherhoods follow through Doñana create a unique setting where faith, nature, song and camaraderie make their presence
embellishing even more, if possible, the magical halo of Doñana.